Lord Of The Flies by William Golding
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Lord Of The Flies by William Golding
About the author
Sir William Golding (1911-1993), was an English novelist who wrote exciting adventure stories who deal with the conflict between mind and instinct. William Gerald Golding was born in St. Columb Minor, in Cornwall. He was knighted in 1988. His novels are moral fables that reveal how dangerous and destructive human brings may be unless they are restrained by conscience. Golding won the 1983 Nobel Prize for literature. His most famous book, "Lord of the flies" tells of a group of boys stranded on an island. The Inheritors is set in prehistoric times. The Napoleonic era of the early 1800\'s forms the setting of the sea-adventure trilogy consisting of Rites of Passage, Close Quarters, and Fire Down Below. Goldings other novels include Pincher Martin, Free Fall, The Spire, The Pyramid and Darkness Visible. His essay\'s were collected in The Hot Gates.
About the book
Allegorical presentation - why ?
I think that the author compare this little abandoned island, with the real world. On the island there were war, peace, etc. just like in the real world. It\'s not hard figuring out why there\'s war in the world, when abandoned kids on an deserted island can\'t make peace. The happenings on the island are something that the author uses as an image of the world war 2, were Jack symbols Adolf Hitler, a dictator. Ralph and Piggy symbols the judes - the hunted ones.
A group of boys has been dropped on a tropical island somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, their plane having been shot down. A nuclear war has taken place; civilisation has been destroyed.
Ralph, a strong and likeable blond, delights in the fact that there are "no grownups" around to supervise them. The boys have the entire island to themselves. Piggy, who is fat, asthmatic, and nearly blind without his glasses, trails behind as Ralph explores the island. When they find a
white conch shell, Piggy encourages Ralph to blow on it. Ralph blows the conch and the other boys appear. Among them is Jack Merridew, marching the boys\' choir, military style, in the blazing sun. There are also the twins, Sam and Eric. Simon, short and skinny with black hair, joins the group. Many other boys who are never given names straggle in.
The group elects Ralph as their leader even though Jack would like to be chosen. Ralph, Simon, and Jack explore the island. It\'s hard for them to believe they\'re really on their own, but once they\'re convinced, Jack decides to be the hunter and provide food. A first attempt at killing a piglet fails. When the conch calls the group together again, they talk about the need for hunters. A small boy says he is afraid of a snakelike beast in the woods. Is there really such a beast? The boys can\'t agree. However, the fear of the beast, of the dark, and of what is unknown about the island is very real and an important part of the story. Ralph convinces everyone that they need a fire for a signal in case a ship passes the island. Starting a fire is impossible until they use Piggy\'s glasses. Then the boys often abandon the fire to play, finding it hard work keeping the fire going.
Jack becomes more and more obsessed with hunting and the desire to kill. He says that "you can feel as if you\'re not hunting, but being hunted, as if something\'s behind you all the time in the jungle." Jack and his hunters paint their faces to look like masks. Hiding behind the masks, they are able to slaughter a pig. Afterward Jack and the hunters re-enact the killing, one of the
boys pretending to be the pig. Again the fear of the beast is mentioned, and the littlest boys cry about their nightmares while the big ones fight about the existence of the beast. Simon says that perhaps the beast is "only us," but the others laugh him down. They all get scared when the twins, Sam and Eric, see something that does indeed look like the beast. Jack and Ralph lead an exploration and come back, convinced there is a beast. Jack decides he no longer wants
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