Women in the Revolution

I. Women’s Roles in the Revolution
A. Family Enterprises
1. Women took over
2. Succeeded Despite
a. inflation
b. British Occupancy
c. absence of important supplies
3. gave women self-confidence
4. proved that women could make a living by themselves
B. Army Camps
1. Women came to be with soldiers
a. were fed by military
b. were cared for by military
2. The women:
a. cooked
b. cleaned
c. sewed
d. served as nurses
e. were not treated specially
1. marched with men
2. slept in the snow
C. Women Soldiers, “Molly Pitchers”
1. reloaded muskets
2. carried pitchers of water
a. when men fell in battle, women took over the guns
b. played an important role
3. Marly Ludwig Hays McCauley
a. original “Molly Pitcher”
b. fought in the Battle of Manmouth, 1778
c. recieved
D. Women Spies
1. Women act as spies
a. Culper Ring
1. organized spy ring
2. Long Island
3. consequences if captured
a. imprisoned
b. hanged
b. many organized spy rings
2. Secret messengers
a. relied on helpless stereotypes
b. young girls
1. could slip through lines easily
2. Enemy never suspected them
3. carried orders and information
c. women
1. listened to what British said
a. while serving food/drink
b. officers spoke freely
1. thought women were not interested
2. they were wrong
2. Lydia Darragh
a. of Philidelphia
b. carried important information
1. to General Washington
2. at Valley Forge
E. After the war
1. Women continue to be interested in politics
2. Spoke of themselves as Republican Mothers
3. strengthening of a nation
a. Marcy Otis Warren
b. Abigail Adams
c. John Adams and Benjamin Rush
d. position of women

II. Abigail Adams
A. Childhood
B. Marriage
III. The Declaration of Sentiments
A. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
B. Lucretia Mott
C. Seneca Falls Convention
D. 1920: women recieve full citizenship

Women’s Roles in the Revolution

When people think of the Revolutionary War, mosth think of George Washington leading his men
into battle, Minutemen fighting, or John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Hancock signing the
Declaration of Independence. Event hough all of these things did happen, and were very important to the
war and to our nation, they were not all that happened. But, the people that are thought of all seem to be
Often, the woment of the Revolution are forgotten, even though they played an important part in
the forming of the United States.1 Women like Abigail Adams, Mary Hays and Lydia Darragh all helped
the rebellion against Britain. From seamstresses to spies, women helped as much as the men. those women
should never, through all history and future, be forgotten.

Women play important Roles

Women, as said before, took on many roles, from seamstress to spy, and everthing imbetween.
When husbands, fathers, and brothers went off to fight, family enterprises, such as farms, shops and
companies, were left without the owners and executives that were regualarly needed. This left the women of
the family in charge. Almost all businesses were left to the women, for ver few men who were qualified or
old enough to run them were not fighting.
The women, much to other’s suprise, and probably their own, succeeded. The businesses thrived,
despite of terrible inflation, dense British occupancy, and the absence of important supplies that were badly
needed. Though all of thsi, the women’s self confidence increased drastically. With this new confidence,
the women proved that they could make a living by themselves, without the aid of men.
Poorer women who didn’t have a source of income without thier husbands, padked up their
belongings and followed their husbands to the military camps. When they got there, the government would
feed them, along with their children and other relatives. When sickness or disease hit on th of women, they
would be cared for jsuta s the soldiers would have been. Even when they were healthy, they were taken
care of. As more and more women cam to the camps, the camps grew into large, bustling towns.2
The women, however, were not given these luxuries for free. In return for the food, care, and
medical service, they cooked meals for themselves and soldiers, cleaned the camp, sewed uniforms for thir
husbands and other men, washed these uniforms and other clothing, and served as nurses for hte wounded.
Even though in other places and towns mowmen were treated differently than me, in the camps the two were
equal, both to each other and to the soldiers. For instance, they marched with the men whern moving to a
different site, and even slept int eh same snowy conditions as the men at Valley Forge.
Many women cam to teh camps to join male relatives, but some actually joined them on the front
lines of war. these women were called “Molly Pitchers.” They woiuld stand