Blockade

CIA Covert Operations: Panama and Nicaragua
CIA Covert Operations: Panama and Nicaragua
CIA Covert Operations: Panama and Nicaragua In the 1950\'s, the repression of domestic political dissent reached near hysteria. In the process the CIA\'s covert operations, already in progress in Europe, expanded worldwide. By 1953, according to the 1970\'s Senate investigation, there were major covert programs under way in 48 countries, consisting of propaganda, paramilitary, and political action operations. In 1949, the agency\'s covert action department had about 300 employees and 47 stations
The Glass Cileing
The Glass Cileing
The Glass Cileing “You’ve Come a Short Way, Baby!” Professor Diana Bilimoria hit it on the nail when she proclaimed, “Even when women do all the right things, and have all the right stuff, they continue to be blocked from the innermost circles of power” (Daily). The increasing number of working women with an education and experience in the business world continue to encounter this blockade mentioned by Professor Bilimoria. Suzanne M. Crampton and Jitendra M. Mishra find that the promotions to ma
Communism
Communism
Communism Communism has long been heralded in capitalist countries as the root of all evil. However, as with all phobias, this intrinsic fear of communism comes from a lack of knowledge rather than sound reasoning. It is that same fear that gave the world the Cold War and McCarthy\'s Red Scare. The purpose of this paper is neither to support communism over capitalism nor the reverse of that. Rather, it is to inform the reader of communism\'s migration through time and hopefully assist the regres
Communism - From Marx To Zemin
Communism - From Marx To Zemin
Communism - From Marx To Zemin Essay submitted by Kris Rayner Communism has long been heralded in capitalist countries as the root of all evil. However, as with all phobias, this intrinsic fear of communism comes from a lack of knowledge rather than sound reasoning. It is that same fear that gave the world the Cold War and McCarthy\'s Red Scare. The purpose of this paper is neither to support communism over capitalism nor the reverse of that. Rather, it is to inform the reader of communism\'s mi
Napoleon I
Napoleon I
Napoleon I Napoleon\'s life was a very interesting one. Starting a poor boy, hated by most, rising to rule a huge empire, and then finally being destroyed by his own arrogance and ending his life humbled, remembering what he had doe, and leaving it all in his memoirs for the world to read. Napoleon was born in 1769, on the Island of Corsica. His parents, Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte, were poor nobles. When Napoleon was just 10 years old, his father helped to get him a mathematical scholarship to
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a Presbyterian min
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of
JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States of America. He grew up in a family of political leaders and then became one himself. During his lifetime he had many accomplishments, both personal and political; he had a beautiful wife, and a wonderful family, he wrote award winning novels, started the Peace Corps, and he broke the barrier between us and the Soviet Union, among many others which will be discussed later. Nearing the end of his term of president, Kennedy was
Napoleon I
Napoleon I
Napoleon I NAPOLEON I Napoleon\'s life was a very interesting one. Starting a poor boy, hated by most, rising to rule a huge empire, and then finally being destroyed by his own arrogance and ending his life humbled, remembering what he had doe, and leaving it all in his memoirs for the world to read. Napoleon was born in 1769, on the Island of Corsica. His parents, Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte, were poor nobles. When Napoleon was just 10 years old, his father helped to get him a mathematical scho
Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson Wilson, Woodrow Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a P
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP April, 1956 : The pharmaceutical company Parke & Davis first synthesize what they believe to be the perfect anesthetic (Souza, 1995). When administered to patients, it causes a completely dissociative state, with no significant respiratory or cardiovascular depression. Patients appear to be awake, eyes open, breathing normally.but are unaware of their surroundings or the procedures being performed upon them (Souza, 1995). Indeed, this is the perfect drug. Unfortunately
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia Gravis In 1890, German medical professor Wilhelm Erb and other physicians had been observing several cases of a neuromuscular disease that they believed was affecting how nerve impulses were transmitted to muscle at the neuromuscular junction. The patient’s experienced a grave muscular weakness and Wilhelm named it myasthenia gravis. Through further research, the physicians discovered whether it affected the eye muscles first, or created difficulty in talking, chewing and swallowing,
UFOS
UFOS
UFOS By: Anonymous Unidentified flying objects, or UFOs, are one of the most controversial mysteries known to mankind. From ancient to present times, unidentified objects have been seen in the sky by millions of people. The question is, of course, what is it that we are seeing in our skies? Are they foreign spacecrafts from distant planets, merely Air Force experiments, or only our imagination? Many people believe that extraterrestrial life is existent and far more advanced then us. Conversely,
The World's Longest War
The World's Longest War
The World\'s Longest War Where We Are Journals practice a laudable self-censorship of criticism of religions. The most vicious devil worship is mentioned with little comment and then only in crime reporting of the atrocities committed. This is a good thing. Religious hatreds are so easily inflamed, and there is so much history of religious persecution, that we are much better off with this self restraint. Furthermore the separation of church and state is spelled out in our constitution and is pr
Steganography
Steganography
Steganography I. INTRODUCTION While Encryption is detectable and a target for questions by the government as well as hackers, Steganography takes it one step further and hides the message within an encrypted message or other mediums; such as images, making it virtually impossible to detect. It is a method related to the art of hiding a secret message within a larger one in such a way that the unwanted person cannot make out the presence or contents of the hidden message being sent. It can be hid
Communism
Communism
Communism Communism has long been heralded in capitalist countries as the root of all evil. However, as with all phobias, this intrinsic fear of communism comes from a lack of knowledge rather than sound reasoning. It is that same fear that gave the world the Cold War and McCarthy\'s Red Scare. The purpose of this paper is neither to support communism over capitalism nor the reverse of that. Rather, it is to inform the reader of communism\'s migration through time and hopefully assist the regres
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age April, 1956 : The pharmaceutical company Parke & Davis first synthesize what they believe to be the perfect anesthetic (Souza, 1995). When administered to patients, it causes a completely dissociative state, with no significant respiratory or cardiovascular depression. Patients appear to be awake, eyes open, breathing normally.but are unaware of their surroundings or the procedures being performed upon them (Souza, 1995). Indeed, this is the perfect drug. Unf
History Of Whaling
History Of Whaling
History Of Whaling When seventeenth-century settlers brought their knowledge of the ancient European whaling industry to the shores of New England, they were not the first to hunt the great beasts. Native Americans who lived along the coasts of the continent used carcasses of dead whales that washed up on shore for food, oil, and they used the bone for making canoes to pursue whales that swam into shallow coastal waters. As the Mayflower sailed into Plymouth harbor in 1620, many whales swam near
Deforestation
Deforestation
Deforestation Table of Contents Introduction 1 Important Facts 1 Historical Background 1-2 Background Law 2 Causes of Deforestation 2 The Green House Effect 2-3 Reducing Deforestation 3 Case Studies 3-4 Pros and Cons 4-5 Conclusion 5 Bibliography 6 Ninety percent of our trees, 300 - 900 years old, have been cut down. The remaining 10% is all we will ever have. Deforestation is a significant issue of our time and must be taken seriously if we want to protect our remaining forests. The definition
Napoleon
Napoleon
Napoleon Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. Thro
Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?
Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?
Who Was To Blame For The Cold War? The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one\'s fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions that existed
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure Introduction - problems and benefits of World Government The idea of world government has not received a good press for many years. It tends to make most of us think of Stalinist dictators and fascist domination of the globe. I wish to argue, though, that there is a viable form of democratic world government which could bring many benefits. A democratic world government that really worked would lead to a major increase in the freedom enjoyed by
Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power Actions which otherwise would be unconstitutional, could become lawful if undertaken for the purpose of preserving the Constitution and the Nation. The idea that certain actions are not illegal if used to preserve the best interests of a nation has drawn sharp criticism from the time of Lincoln through today. Presidents of the United States do take a solemn oath in which they promise to “ . . . preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of
Temagami
Temagami
Temagami Table of Contents Introduction 2 The History of the Forest 2 The Forests of Canada 3 Part One: The History of the Logger 5 The Canadian Forestry Industry 5 The Ontario Forestry Industry 7 Part Two: Forest Conservation in Ontario 8 Political Activity 8 Temagami 9 Part Three: The Temagami Debate 11 The Forester 11 The Environmentalist 12 Part Four: The Law of the Land 13 Civil Disobedience 13 Government Legislation / Wildlands League Lawsuit 15 Natural vs. Positive Law 16 Conclusion 17 Su
Another Civil War
Another Civil War
Another Civil War Socioeconomic reasons for the causes and outcome of the Civil War Analyzing the causes and the eventual outcome of the American Civil War can be a difficult task when you look at all the issues at once. The fields of the political, economic and sociological differences between the Union and the Confederacy are were we find the bulk of the answers as why the two regions of the United States separated. When trying to discuss the Civil War we must first explain why the Confederate
Arab - Israeli Wars
Arab - Israeli Wars
Arab - Israeli Wars Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s. THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49) The first war began as a
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s. THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49) The first war began as a c
Civil War
Civil War
Civil War Writing about recorded history should be a relatively easy task to accomplish. Recorded history is based on facts. Regardless of what time period one may write about, one will find enough information about that time of period. The key is to put everything in a logical and understandable manner. This paper will be about the Civil War. I will try, to the best of my knowledge, to discuss the North’s and South’s positions and Arguments for going to war, their initial military strategies an
COLD WAR
COLD WAR
COLD WAR Less than a year after the end of World War II, the great wartime leader of Britain, Winston Churchill gave a speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri. After receiving an honorary degree and being introduced by President Harry Truman, he delivered a historic speech. Churchill said, “ It is my duty to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron Curtain has descended across the Continent. Behi
Confederate States Of America
Confederate States Of America
Confederate States Of America Don\'t kneel to me. You must kneel to God only, and thank him sic for the liberty you will enjoy hereafter (Brinkley 414). President Abraham Lincoln spoke these words to a former slave that kneeled before him while walking the streets of the abandoned Confederate capitol of Richmond in 1865. Although there are several different questions of why the North won the Civil War, factors involving manpower, economy, military tactics and leadership, and presidential leaders
Cuban missile crisis
Cuban missile crisis
cuban missile crisis The world was at the edge of a third world war. This was the result of a variety of things: the Cuban Revolution, the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, US anti-communism, and Cuba’s fear of invasion all made causes for war. However, war was not the result due to great cooperation from both President Kennedy and President Khrushchev and each of the decisions made by the leaders was crucial in the outcome of The Crisis. Kennedy’s choice to take action by means of quarantine
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis happened for a couple of reasons. The United States was extremely unhappy with the new President of Cuba, Fidel Castro, new policies. The U.S. was on the verge of waging a war against Cuba. The United States had placed an embargo on all export to Cuba, except for food and medicine, and by January of 1961 the United States had broken all diplomatic ties with Cuba. By April of 1961, the CIA’s plan to invade Cuba was finalized during the U.S. Bay of the
Napoleon
Napoleon
Napoleon In the early 19th century a man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte led a Coup D’etat that created a new government in France. This new government started out with a tribunal leadership, which Napoleon was first consul, and later changed to an empire with Napoleon as emperor. Some people believe that he made the revolution better and expanded the revolution but this is not true. The facts, when closely looked at, prove that Napoleon effectively destroyed the revolution by telling the peop
Napoleon: The War Hero
Napoleon: The War Hero
Napoleon: The War Hero Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as
Peloponisian Wars
Peloponisian Wars
Peloponisian Wars “Thucydides, an Athenian, wrote the history of the war between the Peloponnesians and the Athenians, beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it. This belief was not without its grounds. The preparations of both the combatants were in every department in the last state of perfection; and he could see the rest of the Hellenic race taking sides in the quarrel; those who delayed doi
Sixties
Sixties
Sixties The Sixties were an extremely exciting and revolutionary time of great social and technological change. The changes throughout this era included: assassination, unforgettable fashions in clothing, new music styles, civil rights, gay and women’s liberation, a controversial war in Vietnam, the first man landing on the moon, peace marches, World Fairs, flower power, great TV and film and sexual freedom. Throughout the sixties you will find many great memories including: the Kennedy’s, the S
The Causes And Effects Of World War I
The Causes And Effects Of World War I
The Causes And Effects Of World War I World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918. It began as a local European war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. It was transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty - eight of these nations, known as the Allies and the Associated Powers, and including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States,
The Navy Of The Civil War
The Navy Of The Civil War
The Navy Of The Civil War The Civil War consisted of many legendary battles over the soil of the United and Confederate States of America, which will be retold for generations in history books. Although these land battles were indeed great, the concept of this paper will be the Naval warfare of the Civil War, paying certain attention to the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac. Neither the North nor the South was prepared for Naval activities at the beginning of the war. In order to bette
World War 2
World War 2
World War 2 World War 2 Introduction World War 2 was one of the many wars that occurred during the 20th century. During this brutal war many countries, people, and history were changed. The factors that encourged the Germans and Japanese forces allowed them to take over other countries and kill many of people. Now, years later, from a different point of view, the Germans and Japanese accomplished nothing but just killing innocent people. The greediness behind the Germans and Japanese in the 20th
The North Atlantic Treaty Organistaion
The North Atlantic Treaty Organistaion
The North Atlantic Treaty Organistaion Introduction The United Kingdom, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg initiated the organization of what would become NATO by forming the Western Union in March 1948. In January of 1949, President Harry Truman ‘although President Eisenhower, together with President Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill were the initial instigators of the concept’ called for an even broader pact, which eventually would involve the United States, Canada and European
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
Cuban War for Independence
Cuban War for Independence
Cuban War for Independence For those Cubans who wanted independence, it was a long struggle. People on the island, mostly descendants of Africans, raised tobacco and sugar for export. Cuban sugar plantations supplied close to a third of the world\'s supply. The masses had little role in anything political. They were kept ignorant because a docile labor force was preferable. Within the planter class and the few who serviced it, there was a split opinion about independence. Most fared well by bein
The Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan The North needed to create a motive for the South to rejoin the Union. To do this General Winfield Scott designed an offensive plan known as the Anaconda Plan. The Anaconda Plan was a long-term plan that would weaken the South with as little blood shed as possible. Consisting of two main actions, the purpose of the Anaconda Plan was to break down the Southern economy. It was hoped that once the South ran out of supplies they’d join the Union once again. The first action the Ana
Was The German Defeat On The Western Front Caused
Was The German Defeat On The Western Front Caused
Was The German Defeat On The Western Front Caused By the Failure Of The Schlieffen Plan? Germany’s defeat on the Western Front was not caused by the failure of The Schlieffen Plan, the plan failed on September 11th 1914 and the war dragged on for another four years until Germany was defeated on November 11th 1918. The failure of the plan led to many causes such as a war of movement had become a war of attrition (a stalemate). There were long-term and short-term reasons for Germany’s defeat as a
The Spanish Armada of 1588
The Spanish Armada of 1588
The Spanish Armada of 1588 In 1588 the Armada set sail on what would become one of the biggest naval mistakes known throughout history. Philip II of Spain had intentions of reviving Catholicism and in doing so he believed that England must undergo reform along with other Protestant areas. The Armada was an integral piece in solving this puzzle for Philip. His intentions were to use the Armada as a shield for invading England. Alexander Parma was to take Philip’s army and unite with the Armada fo
The Battle for Cuba
The Battle for Cuba
The Battle for Cuba The battle for Cuba began on June 1st 1898, when the United States found the Spanish Caribbean fleet in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. Never the less U.S. troops needed to land nearby. The U.S. navy being more powerful than the Spanish made it safe for troops to land. On June 22nd the U.S. troops moved to a position to capture the hill at Santiago at which main Spanish forces were staying. Later the main U.S. attacked and captured San Juan Hill. After San Juan Hill was captu
Continental Congress
Continental Congress
Continental Congress The Continental Congress met in one of the most conservative of the seaport towns from which the revolutionary movement stemmed. Philadelphia patriots complained that there was more Toryism in Pennsylvania than in all the colonies combined; certainly the Quakers who dominated the province were more concerned in putting down radicalism at home than resisting tyranny from abroad. The character of the delegates who assembled in Philadelphia in September 1774 was likewise a good
Arab Israeli Conflict
Arab Israeli Conflict
Arab Israeli Conflict Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s. THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49) The first war began as
Bay of Pigs and The Cuban Missile Crisis
Bay of Pigs and The Cuban Missile Crisis
Bay of Pigs and The Cuban Missile Crisis Global Connections 4/28/01 The United States government has had many dealings with Cuba. The most important of these were the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis. In the first incident, the Bay of Pigs, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) planned to help Cuban exiles overthrow their dictator, Fidel Castro. Unfortunately, the plan failed in almost every way possible (Wiener, online). The second incident, the Cuban Missile Crisis, was the closest Ame
The Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project ...the Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn\'t necessary to hit them with that awful thing. - Dwight Eisenhower, reflecting on his meeting with Secretary of War Stimson; Ike on Ike, Newsweek, 11/11/63 ...the Potsdam declaration in July, demand[ed] that Japan surrender unconditionally or face \'prompt and utter destruction.\' MacArthur was appalled. He knew that the Japanese would never renounce their emperor, and that without him an orderly transition to peace would
Report on World War I
Report on World War I
Report on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible