National Institutes Of Health

How The Internet Got Started
How The Internet Got Started
How The Internet Got Started Some thirty years ago , the Rand corporation , America\'s formost cold war think tank, faced a strange straegic problem. How could the US authrieties succesfully communicate after a nuclear war? Postnuclear America would need a comand-and-control network, linked from city to city , state to state, base to base . But no matter how throughly that network was armored or protected , its switches and wiring would always be vulnerable to the impact of atomic bombs. A nucle
Animal Rights
Animal Rights
Animal Rights At the University of Oregon, Barbara Gorden-Lickey, Ph. D., sewed kittens\' eyes shut and forced them to jump from a height onto a platform surrounded by water so she could study the effects of sight deprivation on the brain. Cruel and inhumane experiments like this one is an excellent reason why people should recognize the importance of animal right activist groups such as PETA (People of the Ethical Treatment of Animals). Founded in 1980 by Ingrid E. Newkirk and Alex Pacheco, PET
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy Blaize Hite Mr. Nelson Modern American Studies, Period 1 5 Novermber 1996 John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917 in the Boston suburb of Brookline. Kennedy was the son of Joseph P. Kennedy a formerambassador to Great Britain. Kennedy was much like his father, possesing a delightful sense of humor, a strong family loyalty, a concern for the state of the nation, endless vitality and a constant air of confidence no matter how dire the situation (Kennedy, Sorensen, Harper &
Presidential Biography of JFK
Presidential Biography of JFK
Presidential Biography of JFK Blaize Hite Mr. Nelson Modern American Studies, Period 1 5 Novermber 1996 Theodore C. Sorensen. Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965. 783 pp. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917 in the Boston suburb of Brookline. Kennedy was the son of Joseph P. Kennedy a formerambassador to Great Britain. Kennedy was much like his father, possesing a delightful sense of humor, a strong family loyalty, a concern for the state of the nation, endless vitality and a const
Is There Any Medical Potential For Marijuana?
Is There Any Medical Potential For Marijuana?
Is There Any Medical Potential For Marijuana? Is There Any Medical Potential for Marijuana? Marijuana is one of the oldest cultivated plants (Nahas 8). Since it became illegal in 1967, there have been questions of whether or not it is good for purposes, such as medicine, other than being a leisure drug. Debates between pro and con groups for the use of marijuana in the medical profession, have been heated and in recent months, referendums have been pasted in a least three states to make it acces
Marijuana
Marijuana
Marijuana I. Marijuana causes behavioral changes A. Chronic Marijuana users become more aggressive during withdrawal. People who have smoked marijuana daily for many years display more aggressive behavior when they stop smoking the drug, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard Medical School. The study, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, is further evidence that a withdrawal syndrome is associated with abstinence from long-term mariju
Breast Cancer Treatment
Breast Cancer Treatment
Breast Cancer Treatment Only lung cancer kills more women each year in the United States than breast cancer does. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates that over 184,000 new cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in women in 1996 (ACS Breast). Although these statistics are alarming, there are a number of treatment options available for those that are diagnosed with breast cancer. The best way to treat any disease is to prevent it. Since little is known about breast cancer, there are no esta
Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Crohn's Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Crohn's Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Crohn\'s Disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often IBD is classified as ulcerative colitis or Crohn\'s disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, and proctitis. Ulcerative colitis causes ulceration and inflammation of the inner lining of a couple of really bad places, while Crohn\'s disease is an inflammation that extends into the deep
Vaccine
Vaccine
Vaccine Children are one of God\'s best gifts to people, as watching their children grow is one of the best pleasures people enjoy during their life course. For this reason, parents must take good care of their children during their early years, as they are vulnerable to many diseases due to their weak immunity. There are many diseases, infecting children, that may lead to death such as the polio disease. Scientists found a solution to this problem, by injecting a tiny sample of the virus into t
How has AIDS affected our Society?
How has AIDS affected our Society?
How has AIDS affected our Society? Today more Americans are infected with STD\'s than at any other time in history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first cases were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the lives of millions of American families. This deadly disease is unlike any other in modern history. Changes in social behavior can be directly linked to AIDS. Its overall effect on society has been dramatic. It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed a
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia During the 1950s, mentally disordered people who were harmful to society and themselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely to their communities. During the 1980s, the cost of health care increased more than any other cost in our national economy. As a result, strategic planning has been made to reduce costs. “The political decision made to deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients started with the appearance of phenothiazine medications. Dramatically
The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome. The information gathered by the human genome project is expected to be the source book for biomedical science in the twenty-first century and will be of g
Morality and the Human Genome Project
Morality and the Human Genome Project
Morality and the Human Genome Project Does the Human Genome Project affect the moral standards of society? Can the information produced by it become a beneficial asset or a moral evil? For example, in a genetic race or class distinction the use of the X chromosome markers can be used for the identification of a persons ethnicity or class (Murphy,34). A seemingly harmless collection of information from the advancement of the Human Genome Project. But, lets assume this information is used to explo
Sudden Infant Death Syndrom
Sudden Infant Death Syndrom
Sudden Infant Death Syndrom Sudden infant death syndrome, better known as S.I.D.S., is one of the leading causes for the inflated infant mortality rate in this country today. It is often misunderstood or unrecognizable. For the most part, the causes of SIDS are unknown to the general public. This is changing, however, as public awareness is ever increasing. Thus, the purpose of this paper will be to explain sudden infant death syndrome and its known or suggested causes. Also, the history of SIDS
The Genetics of Violence
The Genetics of Violence
The Genetics of Violence Introduction We, in the 1990’s, are slowly and inevitably being faced with the sociological and biological implications of impending genetic power. This power is analytical, in such cases as the Human Genome Project, which will hopefully succeed in mapping out the genetic code for the entire human genetic composition. Moreover, this power is preventative and participatory in that it can be, and is being, used to control the behavior of humans and other animals. This new
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a recently recognized disease. It is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks selected cells in the IMMUNE SYSTEM and produces defects in function. These defects may not be apparent for years. They lead, however, to a severe suppression of the immune system\'s ability to resist harmful organisms. This leaves the body open to invasion by various infections, which are therefor
Acupuncture As An Alternative Medicine In The West
Acupuncture As An Alternative Medicine In The West
Acupuncture As An Alternative Medicine In The Western Culture Debora Cytrynowicz Acupuncture as an Alternative Medicine ( in the Western Culture) Alternative medicine is a very general term whose definition can be very controversial. Basically, it is many holistic techniques for preventing and treating illnesses. Acupuncture, and many other therapies, have long been a part of Asian cultures and have recently been integrated into the Western culture. Since Acupuncture is such an important traditi
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Biotechnology Biotechnology: Its application in agriculture Introduction: Persuade public to become aware of the changes Persuade audience to think about where they stand on this very important issue and take action according to your decision. Labeling and careful regulation of genetically manufactured foods v Persuade the American Public to think about the following changes that are being made in Agriculture as a society wish should discuss the issue. v Control genetic technology, Persuade publ
How Aids Has Affected Our Society
How Aids Has Affected Our Society
How Aids Has Affected Our Society Today more Americans are infected with STD\'s than at any other time in history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first cases were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the lives of millions of American families. This deadly disease is unlike any other in modern history. Changes in social behavior can be directly linked to AIDS. Its overall effect on society has been dramatic. It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed an
The Human Heart.
The Human Heart.
The Human Heart. Abstract: Dorland\'s Illustrated Medical Dictionary defines the heart as the viscus of cardiac muscle that maintains the circulation of the blood . It is divided into four cavities; two atria and two ventricles. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. From there the blood passes to the left ventricle, which forces it via the aorta, through the arteries to supply the tissues of the body. The right atrium receives the blood after it has passed through the tissues
Massage Therapy
Massage Therapy
Massage Therapy The practice of massage therapy is rapidly growing in the United States. It has numerous benefits to offer and is becoming more widely accepted as a medical practice by doctors and the general public. Massage is defined as: …the systematic manual or mechanical manipulations of the soft tissues of the body by such movements as rubbing, kneading, pressing, rolling, slapping, and tapping, for therapeutic purposes such as promoting circulation of the blood and lymph, relaxation of mu
The Positive And Negative Effects of DNA Profiling
The Positive And Negative Effects of DNA Profiling
The Positive And Negative Effects of DNA Profiling Justin Broyles Apr. 12, 1995 Justice Theory Lance Miller Genetic engineering has developed and blossomed at a frightening rate in the last decade. Originating as merely an area of interest for scientists, genetic engineering has now become an area of which all people should be somewhat knowledgeable. DNA profiling has many uses, both positive and negative, in our society. Aside from its usefulness in many legal investigations, DNA profiling can
The positive and negative effects of dna profiling
The positive and negative effects of dna profiling
The positive and negative effects of dna profiling THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF DNA PROFILING Justin Broyles Apr. 12, 1995 Justice Theory Lance Miller Genetic engineering has developed and blossomed at a frightening rate in the last decade. Originating as merely an area of interest for scientists, genetic engineering has now become an area of which all people should be somewhat knowledgeable. DNA profiling has many uses, both positive and negative, in our society. Aside from its usefulne
AIDS
AIDS
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a recently recognized disease entity. It is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks selected cells in the immune system (see IMMUNITY) and produces defects in function. These defects may not be apparent for years. They lead in a relentless fashion, however, to a severe suppression of the immune system\'s ability to resist harmful organisms. This leaves the body open to an invasion by various infections,
Euthanasia
Euthanasia
Euthanasia The applied ethical issue of euthanasia, or mercy killing, concerns whether it is morally permissible for a third party, such as a physician, to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain. The euthanasia controversy is part of a larger issue concerning the right to die. Staunch defenders of personal liberty argue that all of us are morally entitled to end our lives when we see fit. Thus, according to these people, suicide is in principle morally permissible. For h
Mental Health
Mental Health
Mental Health Introduction Definition of Problem Description of Preliminary Data Gathering, Collection, or Resource The Research Design Data Analysis and Interpretation Conclusion Slide 1 The mental health and substance abuse fields have had a growing awareness of the prevalence of co-occurring disorders and the challenges presented by this population. The lack of success within traditional treatment settings for individuals with co-occurring disorders is well documented. Estimates suggest that
Basics of Genetics and Genetic Engineering
Basics of Genetics and Genetic Engineering
Basics of Genetics and Genetic Engineering my name my teacher,the hour June 5, 1996 Genetics is the study of how physical, biochemical, and behavioral traits are transmitted from parents to their offspring. The science of genetics started in 1900, when the work of Gregor Mendel was discovered. Mendel described the inheritence patterns of garden peas. He suggested after researching his pea-plant experiment that each parent has pairs of units but contributes only one unit for to each pair of its o
Lou Gehrig's Disease
Lou Gehrig's Disease
Lou Gehrig\'s Disease Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), better known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease, is a progressive disease of the nervous system. The cause is unknown and there is no cure, although progress is being made on both fronts. ALS attacks motor neurons, which are among the largest of all nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. These cells send messages to muscles throughout the body. In ALS, motor neurons die and the muscles do not receive these messages. As a result, muscles weaken a
James D. Watson
James D. Watson
James D. Watson James watson was born in Chicago, Illinois on april 6th, 1928. he went to school for eight years and went to high school for two years. Then he received a tuition scholarship to the university of chicago , and went there for four years . in 1947 , he received a b.s.c DEGREE IN ZOOLOGY. HIS INTEREST WAS IN BIRDWATCHING , BUT LATER , HE GOT MORE INTERESTED IN GENETICS . AFTER HE HAD EARNED MANY EDUCATION RELATED DEGREES IN DIFFERENT SUBJECTS , HE STUDIED THE EFFECT OD X-RAYS ON BAC
Cloning
Cloning
Cloning Research in the field of embryology and genetics has exploded over the past decade. New advances about in vitro fertilization and genetic screening are leading to new procedures in which human embryo cloning will be possible in the near future. Human cloning, however, brings up many new ethical questions that will need to be addressed by the scientific community and the public before these advances can reach their full potential. Scientific advances bring social changes that many people
England
England
England England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming
England
England
England England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy NARCOLEPSY / SYMPTOMS Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder with no known cause. The it is best described as excessive daytime sleepiness, even after a good nights rest. A person with narcolepsy is likely to become drowsy or to fall asleep. No matter what the time or place the person with this diease can fall asleep. Daytime sleep attacks may happen with or without warning and may be impossible to prevent. These attacks can Happen more than once a day. Drowsiness may linger for extended peri
James D. Watson
James D. Watson
James D. Watson James watson was born in Chicago, Illinois on april 6th, 1928. he went to school for eight years and went to high school for two years. Then he received a tuition scholarship to the university of chicago , and went there for four years . in 1947 , he received a b.s.c DEGREE IN ZOOLOGY. HIS INTEREST WAS IN BIRDWATCHING , BUT LATER , HE GOT MORE INTERESTED IN GENETICS . AFTER HE HAD EARNED MANY EDUCATION RELATED DEGREES IN DIFFERENT SUBJECTS , HE STUDIED THE EFFECT OD X-RAYS ON BAC
The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project Walter Gilbert who is a molecular biologist became interested in undertaking the Human Genome Project (HGP) in 1987. Robert Kanigel of the New York Times Magazine wrote This project ... would reveal the precise biochemical makeup of the entire genetic material, or genome, of a human being ... it would grant insight into human biology previously held only by god.” (McMurry, 758) The plan was to create a map or library of human deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). About the same
Cloning
Cloning
Cloning Cloning is the production of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms, all descended from a single individual. The members of a clone have precisely the same characteristics, except where mutation and environmentally caused developmental variation have occurred. The DNA is precisley the same and they are only differentiated by their experiences in which dictate their personality. There are some types of natural cloning that nature displays. Some animals have tremendous powers
Legalization of Marijuana
Legalization of Marijuana
Legalization of Marijuana By: Sarah Regester Legalization of marijuana has been an issue for a long time. Marijuana was first brought up as an issue in 1915. It had since then became a much bigger issue in the 1960’s and is now being considered for medical purposes in the 1990’s. Some of the issue’s faced can be described as: Legalization for medical purposes and legalization for insufficient reasons (i.e.: smoking it just for own joys ). ( Brownell, 71 ). As a classroom exercise in an upward di
“Alternative Medicine”
“Alternative Medicine”
“Alternative Medicine” As alternative medicine’s popularity rises, people need to be informed about it’s rise and the different types of alternative medicine. Did any of you ever think about eating a peanut-butter sandwich and drinking a glass of warm milk for insomnia. Or putting sugar or honey on minor cuts or scrapes. These are just some of the forms of alternative medicine. What is alternative medicine? Alternative medicine is exactly that, an alternative to the normal techniques taught in m
Acupuncture
Acupuncture
Acupuncture Acupuncture is an age old pain treatment that dates back to Ancient China. Many theories have been entertained, says Dr. Stemmler, but none itself can explain the multiple analgesic, anti-flamatory, sedative, and regenerative effects of this treatment (Kanigel 2). Although at times, even acupuncturists remain at a loss to explain how tiny needles inserted in precise points on the body\'s surface can provide relief from medical disorder. Whatever the case acupuncture is being prac
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder affects three to five percent of all children, perhaps as many as two million American children. Two to three more boys than girls are affected. On the average, at least one child in every classroom in the United States needs help for the disorder. ADHD often continues into adolescence and adulthood, and can cause a lifetime of frustrating dreams and emotional pain (NIMH Pamphlet, 1996). According to the DSM-IV, Attent
The Human Heart
The Human Heart
The Human Heart Biology - Histology Abstract: Dorland\'s Illustrated Medical Dictionary defines the heart as the viscus of cardiac muscle that maintains the circulation of the blood. It is divided into four cavities; two atria and two ventricles. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. From there the blood passes to the left ventricle, which forces it via the aorta, through the arteries to supply the tissues of the body. The right atrium receives the blood after it has passed
SHOULD MARIJUANA BE LEGALIZED FOR MEDICINAL PURPOS
SHOULD MARIJUANA BE LEGALIZED FOR MEDICINAL PURPOS
SHOULD MARIJUANA BE LEGALIZED FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES Many people suffer unbearable pain and discomfort from their illnesses and seek any method that might bring relief. Many suffer from chemotherapy treatment, HIV infection related wasting, glaucoma, or other serious ailments that carry an unbearable amount of pain. They first try the drugs that their doctors have prescribed for whatever ails them. These prescribed legal drugs seem to have some benefits, but often carry with them many side effec
Electrical Engineer
Electrical Engineer
Electrical Engineer Electrical engineer technicians have a big job in the world because technicians create inventions for our safety like bombs, alarm systems, and several other objects such as entertainment articles. Things such as televisions, telephones, video games, and VCR\'s. Thus showing, electrical engineer technicians have one of the most job demanding position in the world. They create and build new inventions for mankind. A series of inventions and discoveries in the mid nineteenth ce
THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA REBELLION
THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA REBELLION
THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA REBELLION Richard Nixon launched the controversial war on drugs just over a generation ago. Now, 1997, the state of California has taken a new step in the wrong direction in the war on drugs. Yes Proposition 215 won a 56% victory in the November 6, elections. Dennis Peron is a two time federal convicted felon. If he is convicted one more time, Dennis will be mandatoryly sentenced to death under California\'s three strikes and your out law. Dennis is the head of the Ca